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Demography – deaths and causes of deaths in the SR in May 2022
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Demography – deaths and causes of deaths in the SR in May 2022

Last update: 07.07.2022
Ilustračný obrázok
Publisher: Headquarters Bratislava
Topic: Demographic and social statistics
Domain: Population and migration
Publish Date: 27.06.2022

The number of deaths of Slovakia was lower than the five-year average, 77 people died of COVID-19 infection in May

In May 2022, a more significant excess mortality was reflected only in the group of younger seniors aged 65 to 74 and in Trnavský and Prešovský kraj. Coronavirus was the eighth most common cause of death with almost 2% share.

In Slovakia, 4.2 thousand people died in May this year, which was slightly less (-1%) than the five-year average of 2015-2019, before the onset of a pandemic1). At the same time, it was the lowest number of deaths since June 2020. This follows from preliminary data on the number of deaths and causes of death in May 2022 published by the Statistical Office of the SR. The Office also adjusted the data for the first four months of this year.

The number of deaths was recorded below the average for the fifth month in a row in the age groups, in both pre-productive (up to 14 years) and productive age (from 15 to 64 years). But mortality1) was still slightly higher (by 2%) in the age group over 64 years, which is the most numerous of the three basic age groups in the structure of deaths. Seniors 65+ still accounted for more than three quarters of deaths (a total of 3.2 thousand people). Within this age group, differences continued to be recorded, younger seniors died in higher numbers (65-74); their excess mortality1) reached 11%.

"Thanks to the considerably improved epidemic situation during May, we recorded fewer deaths for the first time this year compared to the five-year average. It was caused mainly by the lower number of deaths in the two most common causes of death - in diseases of the circulatory system and tumors," said Zuzana Podmanická, Director of the Population Statistics Department of the SOSR.

Excess mortality was still reflected mainly in Trnavský and Prešovský kraj

Up to 6 of the eight regions of Slovakia recorded a lower or the same number of deaths respectively compared to the 5-year average. Only two regions recorded relatively higher excess mortality, namely Trnavský (+ 11%) and Prešovský kraj (+ 7%).

"Compared to April, the situation in the excess mortality rate improved in seven regions of Slovakia. It was mostly in Košický kraj, by almost 21 percentage points. The number of deaths of this region was currently 9% lower compared to the 5-year average," said Z. Podmanická.

Significantly lower number of deaths compared to the 5-year average1), namely by 9%, was reflected in Košický and Bratislavský kraj  and by 7% in  Žilinský kraj.

COVID-19 infection was the eighth most common cause of death in May

77 people died of COVID-19 infection in May, i.e. at least since August last year. With almost a 2% share of all deaths, coronavirus shifted among the causes that only slightly affected mortality in the long run, it was in the eighth place among 22 groups of diseases2). During the first four months of this year, the coronavirus was in third or fourth place in the causes of death2).

The most common cause of death of Slovakia was diseases of the circulatory system, accounting for up to 46% of all deaths (1.9 thousand people) in the fifth month. This was more than 5% less than the average for previous years1). On the positive side, this cause recorded a more significant lower mortality rate in the age group of productive age, so heart attacks and other heart failures were less common.

The second most common cause of death of the SR was cancer; in May, more than a thousand victims was registered. They accounted for 24% of all deaths. Since the beginning of this year, fewer people have died of them than the five-year average before the pandemic. In May, lower mortality within this group of causes of death represented almost 9%.

The first five most common causes2) were supplemented by deaths due to diseases of the respiratory system (9%), digestive system (6%) and external causes of death (4%) in May.

  • 1) For an objective answer to the question to what extent the current mortality was worse than in the pre-pandemic period, the SO SR adjusted the selection of years for comparison with the pre-pandemic average. The values for 2015 – 2019, which were the last years not affected by the pandemic, were included into the average. The year 2020 was already affected by the pandemic.
  • 2) Causes of death are classified according to 22 categories of diseases of the International Classification of Diseases (ICC).

Data source: DATAcube. database

Data on mortality and causes of death can be found at www.statistics.sk in the DATAcube. database of the Statistical Office of the SR.:

  • Preliminary monthly data
    Deaths by Month of Death, Age, Sex and Causes of Death - SR-Area-Reg (monthly) [om3801mr].
    Numbers of deaths and causes of death in the SR according to 22 groups of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD) by months (including COVID-19). The data cube contains regional structures (regions, SR), age structures (pre-productive, productive and post-productive age, as well as age groups after 5 years).
  • Preliminary weekly data
    Deaths by Age Groups and Sex - SR-Area-Reg (weekly) [om3003tr].
    The table contains structures by 5-year age groups as well as regional structures/regions. The data are reported to Eurostat. EUROSTAT releases the most recent mortality data in Europe on a weekly basis in the table: Deaths by week.
    Weekly data for 2022 are preliminary. Weekly data are not identical with the monthly data (some weeks fall within two months).
  • Definitive data for 2021 were released on the 31 March 2022 on www.statistics.sk in the DATAcube. database.

Data on the number of deaths

The Statistical Office of the SR is responsible for processing data on mortality as a demographic phenomenon within the natural reproduction of the population of the SR at the national and international level.

The causes of death are also part of mortality statistics. Statistical data on the causes of death are analyzed by specialists of the Statistical Office of the SR together with experts of the Health Care Surveillance Authority in the context of diagnoses of diseases that affected the deceased. Due to a specific approach to the processing of data on deaths from COVID-19 and in order to know the real effects of this disease on society, special attention is paid to all deaths that symptoms and consequences are similar to COVID-19. After a thorough analysis, preliminary data on the causes of death are revised in cooperation with medical experts.

The difference between preliminary and definitive data exists in all statistical areas, revision of the data is the standard procedure. This is the case with the most statistical outputs, including statistics on deaths and their causes across the EU.

The data on the number of deaths, which are currently released daily by the National Health Information Centre (NHIC) and the Ministry of Health of the SR on korona.gov.sk, are the first preliminary data, as they are gradually reported from all regions. Later, deaths are processed exactly according to the date of death to the relevant day, month and also according to the causes of deaths, while the causes of deaths are analyzed and revised, if necessary. Deaths from COVID-19, which are presented by the SO SR, represent cases in which COVID-19 was the main cause of death, i.e. they relates to deaths "from COVID", not deaths "with COVID".

Statistical data on deaths are processed by the SO SR from the received forms "Death certificate and statistical report of death", which contains basic data on deaths, including diagnosis according to the International Classification of Diseases (ICD - 10) listed as the main cause of death. After the end of each month, the SO SR provides the forms to about one thousand registration offices in the SR, which collect data on deaths from almost 3,000 towns and municipalities in the SR. The form "Death certificate and statistical report of death" is completed by the supervising doctor. The SO SR is the data processor, it does not affect the data stated in the form.

Regional structures recorded the deceased by place of permanent residence (not the place where he / she died).

The final results on the number of people died of a specific disease (the main cause of death) are released by the Statistical Office of the SR after the end of the reference year in March of the following year.

  • Issued by :

  • Statistical Office of the SR
  • Lamačská cesta 3/C
  • 840 05 Bratislava 45
  • Slovak Republic
  • Information Services :

  • tel. +421 2 50 236 339
  • +421 2 50 236 335
  • e-mail: info@statistics.sk

While publishing of the whole information report or its parts, please state the source of information, the Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic. The Statistical Office of the SR creates high-quality statistics useful for society according to 16 principles regarding the institutional environment, statistical processes and outputs in line with the Code of Practice for European Statistics.


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