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Demography – deaths and causes of deaths in the SR in June 2022
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Demography – deaths and causes of deaths in the SR in June 2022

Last update: 26.07.2022
Ilustračný obrázok/Illustrative image
Publisher: Headquarters Bratislava
Topic: Demographic and social statistics
Domain: Population and migration
Publish Date: 26.07.2022

The June´s number of deaths was the lowest in the last two years, with the overall excess mortality rate decreasing to 1%

The excess mortality rate has been gradually decreasing since March 2022, though in two regions of Slovakia it still reached values higher than 10%. In June 2022, 31 people succumbed to the infection of COVID-19, it dropped to tenth place in the ranking of the most common causes of death.

The number of deaths in Slovakia has been gradually decreasing for the third month. In total, 4.1 thousand people died in June 2022, which was only by 1.1% more people than the value of the five-year average of 2015-2019 before the onset of the pandemic1). This follows from preliminary data on the number of deaths and causes of death in June 2022 published by the Statistical Office of the SR. The Office also clarified the data for the first five months of this year.

"For the second month, the situation in the number of deaths has approached the situation from the previous years. A more positive development trend is illustrated by the fact that the fewest number of people died in Slovakia in June over the last 24 months. The number of victims of the disease COVID-19 has also decreased significantly, in June it caused the death of only 31 people," said Zuzana Podmanická, Director of the Department of Population Statistics of the SOSR.

Significantly fewer people died in the group of people of productive age and in Banskobystrický kraj

For the sixth consecutive month, the below-average number of deaths was recorded among people of productive age (from 15 to 64 years old). But there was still a higher mortality1) (by 7%) in people older than 64 years, which is the most numerous of the three basic age groups in the structure of the deceased persons. Within this age group, younger seniors (65-74) died in higher numbers; their excess mortality reached up to 19%, while for older seniors the excess mortality was only at the level of 2%.

A higher number of deaths than the five-year average before the onset of the pandemic occurred in four out of eight Slovak regions during the sixth month of this year, with the excess mortality in individual regions ranging from 1 to 12%. The worst situation was in Trnavský and Košický kraj, where the number of deaths was higher than the average of the previous five years by more than 10%.

Compared to May's values, the situation in terms of excess mortality worsened only in one region, namely Košický kraj.  On the contrary, compared to May, the situation in Banskobystrický kraj improved the most.

COVID-19 infection was the tenth most common cause of death in June

Only 31 people died as a result of the COVID-19 infection in June, which is twenty times less than in March 2022, when the highest number of people died of this cause this year. With a share of less than 1% of all deaths, it ended up among the causes that only slightly affect mortality in the long term, it was ranked 10th among 22 groups of diseases2). Even during the first four months of this year, the coronavirus was in third or fourth place in the causes of death2). In May, it was the ninth most common cause of death in Slovakia.

The most common causes of death in the sixth month of this year were diseases of the circulatory system, which represented 45% of deaths (1.8 thousand persons) and tumors for 27% (1.1 thousand persons). These two groups of deaths have long been among the most common causes of death. Compared to the average of the previous five years, 3% fewer people died from diseases of the circulatory system in June. In case of tumors, for the first time since October 2021, more people died than the five-year average before the pandemic, i.e. by 4%.

In June, the first five most common causes2) were completed by deaths from diseases of the respiratory system (7%), digestive system (6%) and external causes of death (5%).

  • 1) For an objective answer to the question to what extent the current mortality was worse than in the pre-pandemic period, the SO SR include into 5-year average the values ​​for 2015 – 2019, which were the last years not affected by the pandemic. The year 2020 was already affected by the pandemic. 
  • 2) Causes of death are classified according to 22 disease groups of the International Classification of Diseases (ICC).

Data source: DATAcube. database

Data on mortality and causes of death can be found at www.statistics.sk in the DATAcube. database of the Statistical Office of the SR.:

  • Preliminary monthly data
    Deaths by Month of Death, Age, Sex and Causes of Death - SR-Area-Reg (monthly) [om3801mr].
    Numbers of deaths and causes of death in the SR according to 22 groups of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD) by months (including COVID-19). The data cube contains regional structures (regions, SR), age structures (pre-productive, productive and post-productive age, as well as age groups after 5 years).
  • Preliminary weekly data
    Deaths by Age Groups and Sex - SR-Area-Reg (weekly) [om3003tr].
    The table contains structures by 5-year age groups as well as regional structures/regions. The data are reported to Eurostat. EUROSTAT releases the most recent mortality data in Europe on a weekly basis in the table: Deaths by week.
    Weekly data for 2022 are preliminary. Weekly data are not identical with the monthly data (some weeks fall within two months).
  • Definitive data for 2021 were released on the 31 March 2022 on www.statistics.sk in the DATAcube. database.

Data on the number of deaths

The Statistical Office of the SR is responsible for processing data on mortality as a demographic phenomenon within the natural reproduction of the population of the SR at the national and international level.

The causes of death are also part of mortality statistics. Statistical data on the causes of death are analyzed by specialists of the Statistical Office of the SR together with experts of the Health Care Surveillance Authority in the context of diagnoses of diseases that affected the deceased. Due to a specific approach to the processing of data on deaths from COVID-19 and in order to know the real effects of this disease on society, special attention is paid to all deaths that symptoms and consequences are similar to COVID-19. After a thorough analysis, preliminary data on the causes of death are revised in cooperation with medical experts.

The difference between preliminary and definitive data exists in all statistical areas, revision of the data is the standard procedure. This is the case with the most statistical outputs, including statistics on deaths and their causes across the EU.

The data on the number of deaths, which are currently released daily by the National Health Information Centre (NHIC) and the Ministry of Health of the SR on korona.gov.sk, are the first preliminary data, as they are gradually reported from all regions. Later, deaths are processed exactly according to the date of death to the relevant day, month and also according to the causes of deaths, while the causes of deaths are analyzed and revised, if necessary. Deaths from COVID-19, which are presented by the SO SR, represent cases in which COVID-19 was the main cause of death, i.e. they relates to deaths "from COVID", not deaths "with COVID".

Statistical data on deaths are processed by the SO SR from the received forms "Death certificate and statistical report of death", which contains basic data on deaths, including diagnosis according to the International Classification of Diseases (ICD - 10) listed as the main cause of death. After the end of each month, the SO SR provides the forms to about one thousand registration offices in the SR, which collect data on deaths from almost 3,000 towns and municipalities in the SR. The form "Death certificate and statistical report of death" is completed by the supervising doctor. The SO SR is the data processor, it does not affect the data stated in the form.

Regional structures recorded the deceased by place of permanent residence (not the place where he / she died).

The final results on the number of people died of a specific disease (the main cause of death) are released by the Statistical Office of the SR after the end of the reference year in March of the following year.

  • Issued by :

  • Statistical Office of the SR
  • Lamačská cesta 3/C
  • 840 05 Bratislava 45
  • Slovak Republic
  • Information Services :

  • tel. +421 2 50 236 339
  • +421 2 50 236 335
  • e-mail: info@statistics.sk

While publishing of the whole information report or its parts, please state the source of information, the Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic. The Statistical Office of the SR creates high-quality statistics useful for society according to 16 principles regarding the institutional environment, statistical processes and outputs in line with the Code of Practice for European Statistics.


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