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Demography – deaths and causes of deaths in the SR in March 2022
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Demography – deaths and causes of deaths in the SR in March 2022

Last update: 26.04.2022
Ilustračný obrázok/Illustrative image
Publisher: Headquarters Bratislava
Topic: Demographic and social statistics
Domain: Population and migration
Publish Date: 26.04.2022

The number of deaths in March started to increase again, every ninth person succumbed to the COVID-19

In March 2022, the total excess mortality rate in Slovakia was the highest so far this year, when it was 17%, while it was twice as high in the group of younger seniors. They struggled with the increased number of deaths especially in Trenčiansky, Trnavský and Košický kraj, where the number of deaths exceeded the pre-pandemic average by more than 21%. COVID-19 in the Slovak Republic caused the deaths of up to 614 people and was the most common cause of death.

In Slovakia, more than 5.7 thousand people died in March 2022, which was the highest this year. The number of deaths increased at twice the rate of the first two months of this year, when it exceeded the average of the March values by 16.5% in the years (2015 - 2019) before the onset of the pandemic1). This follows from the preliminary data on the number of deaths and causes of death in March 2022, which were currently published by the Statistical Office of the SR. At the same time, the Office also revised the data for the first two months of this year.

"The epidemiological situation in Slovakia has significantly improved since the beginning of the year, although in March the number of deaths began to rise again. Higher deaths were caused by an ever-increasing number of deaths from COVID-19 infection, but also by a significant increase in deaths from respiratory diseases or infectious and parasitic diseases such as the 5-year average before the pandemic," stated Zuzana Podmanická, Director of the Department of Population Statistics of the SOSR.

In March, similarly as in the first two months of this year, fewer people died in both the pre-productive (0 -14) and productive ages (15-64) than in the previous five years before the pandemic. However, excess mortality continued to manifest itself in the over-65s category, with 26% more seniors dying in March than in the pre-pandemic years. The worst situation was in the subgroup of younger seniors (aged 65-74), which recorded almost a third of the deaths. Seniors represented 81 % of all the deaths during March 2022.

Trenčiansky kraj was the most affected, with an increase in the number of deaths by a quarter

The increased number of deaths during March persisted in all the eight regions of the SR. The number of deaths increased from 10% to 25%. "The rate of excess mortality decreased during March only in Žilinský kraj, in other regions the situation worsened month-on-month, most significantly in Košický kraj," stated Z. Podmanická.

However, the worst situation was in Trenčiansky kraj. In March 2022, over a quarter more people died in the region than the five-year average before the pandemic. Trnavský and Košický kraj also achieved more than one-fifth of the excess mortality1). On the contrary, the relatively most favorable situation was in Banskobystrický kraj, where the number of deaths exceeded the average of five years before the pandemic by a tenth.

COVID-19 was the fourth most common cause of death in March

In terms of causes of death, a higher number of people died as a result of COVID-19 infection. A total of 614 people died of the new virus in March, the highest number this year. Although their number decreased by three quarters year-on-year, one out of nine people still succumbed to Covid-19 and it caused 11% of all deaths. Covid-19 infection was the fourth leading cause of death2) in March.

From the regional perspective, Trenčiansky kraj had the largest share, almost 15%, in the total number of deaths caused by the virus. On the contrary, the lowest share was recorded by Košický kraj (7% of the total number of deaths in March 2022). This region also had the lowest absolute number (57) of deaths among all regions of Slovakia.

In the structure of deaths in March, circulatory system diseases also dominated in Slovakia, causing 42% of deaths. 2.4 thousand people died, which was slightly more than in the pre-pandemic years). Excess mortality related with these cardiovascular diseases was manifested mainly in the age group of younger seniors (from 65-74 years).

Tumors remained in second place among the causes of deaths (18% of all deaths), but in March, as in the previous four months, fewer people died of these causes than the five-year average, currently up to 12%. The third most common cause, with a share of 12%, was respiratory diseases. These diseases record the most significant excess mortality1) of all major causes of death in the SR, an increase of up to 56%. 671 people died of respiratory diseases in March.

  • 1) For an objective answer to the question to what extent the current mortality was worse than in the pre-pandemic period, the SO SR adjusted the selection of years for comparison with the pre-pandemic average. The values for 2015 – 2019, which were the last years not affected by the pandemic, were included into the average. The year 2020 was already affected by the pandemic, especially in the last months of the year, and the year 2021 in the first and last months of the year.
  • 2) Causes of death are classified according to 22 categories of diseases of the International Classification of Diseases (ICC)

Data on mortality and causes of death can be found at www.statistics.sk in the DATAcube. database of the Statistical Office of the SR.:

  • Preliminary monthly data - Deaths by Month of Death, Age, Sex and Causes of Death - SR-Area-Reg (monthly) [om3801mr].
    Numbers of deaths and causes of death in the SR according to 22 groups of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD) by months (including COVID-19). The data cube contains regional structures (regions, SR), age structures (pre-productive, productive and post-productive age, as well as age groups after 5 years). Monthly data for 2022 are preliminary.
  • Preliminary weekly data - Deaths by Age Groups and Sex - SR-Area-Reg (weekly) [om3003tr].
    The table contains structures by 5-year age groups as well as regional structures / regions. The data are reported to Eurostat. EUROSTAT releases the most recent mortality data in Europe on a weekly basis in the table: Deaths by week.
    Weekly data for 2022 are preliminary. Weekly data are not identical with the monthly data (some weeks fall within two months).
  • Definitive data for 2021 have been published in the 31 March 2022 on www.statistics.sk in the DATAcube. database.

Data on the number of deaths

The Statistical Office of the SR is responsible for processing data on mortality as a demographic phenomenon within the natural reproduction of the population of the SR at the national and international level.

The causes of death are also part of mortality statistics. Statistical data on the causes of death are analyzed by specialists of the Statistical Office of the SR together with experts of the Health Care Surveillance Authority in the context of diagnoses of diseases that affected the deceased. Due to a specific approach to the processing of data on deaths from COVID-19 and in order to know the real effects of this disease on society, special attention is paid to all deaths that symptoms and consequences are similar to COVID-19. After a thorough analysis, preliminary data on the causes of death are revised in cooperation with medical experts.

The difference between preliminary and definitive data exists in all statistical areas, revision of the data is the standard procedure. This is the case with the most statistical outputs, including statistics on deaths and their causes across the EU.

The data on the number of deaths, which are currently released daily by the National Health Information Centre (NHIC) and the Ministry of Health of the SR on korona.gov.sk, are the first preliminary data, as they are gradually reported from all regions. Later, deaths are processed exactly according to the date of death to the relevant day, month and also according to the causes of deaths, while the causes of deaths are analyzed and revised, if necessary. Deaths from COVID-19, which are presented by the SO SR, represent cases in which COVID-19 was the main cause of death, i.e. they relates to deaths "from COVID", not deaths "with COVID".

Statistical data on deaths are processed by the SO SR from the received forms "Death certificate and statistical report of death", which contains basic data on deaths, including diagnosis according to the International Classification of Diseases (ICD - 10) listed as the main cause of death. After the end of each month, the SO SR provides the forms to about one thousand registration offices in the SR, which collect data on deaths from almost 3,000 towns and municipalities in the SR. The form "Death certificate and statistical report of death" is completed by the supervising doctor. The SO SR is the data processor, it does not affect the data stated in the form.

Regional structures recorded the deceased by place of permanent residence (not the place where he / she died).

The final results on the number of people died of a specific disease (the main cause of death) are released by the Statistical Office of the SR after the end of the reference year in March of the following year.

  • Issued by :

  • Statistical Office of the SR
  • Lamačská cesta 3/C
  • 840 05 Bratislava 45
  • Slovak Republic
  • Information Services :

  • tel. +421 2 50 236 339
  • +421 2 50 236 335
  • e-mail: info@statistics.sk

While publishing of the whole information report or its parts, please state the source of information, the Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic


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