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Demography – deaths and causes of deaths in the SR in August 2022
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Demography – deaths and causes of deaths in the SR in August 2022

Last update: 25.10.2022
Ilustračný obrázok
Publisher: Statistical Office of the SR
Topic: Demographic and social statistics
Domain: Population and migration
Publish Date: 27.09.2022

The number of deaths in August was the second lowest this year, but the COVID-19 infection increased again the share of deaths

In August 2022, the overall excess mortality rate in Slovakia was only moderate in August 2022, Banskobystrický kraj struggled with the highest number of deaths for the second month already. Fewer people than in the pre-pandemic years died from the two most common causes of death - diseases of the circulatory system and tumors. The number of victims of COVID-19 rose again, representing almost 3% of the total number of deaths and being the sixth most common cause of death.

Almost 4.4 thousand people died in Slovakia in August 2022, which was by 3.1% more people (130 people) than the value of the five-year average of 2015-2019 before the onset of the pandemic1). It was the second lowest number of deaths this year. This follows from preliminary data on the number of deaths and causes of death in August 2022 published by the Statistical Office of the SR. The Office also clarified the data for the first seven months of this year.

"The lower excess mortality rate compared to the 5-year average before the pandemic was influenced by the lower number of deaths from the two most common causes of death - diseases of the circulatory system and tumors. On the other hand, the higher number of deaths due to the COVID-19 infection, but also an approximately 50% increase in the number of deaths due to diseases of the respiratory system, urinary and genital systems, or infectious and parasitic diseases, prevented the August mortality rate from getting even closer to the pre-pandemic values," explained Zuzana Podmanická, the Director of the Department of Population Statistics of the SOSR.

In August, similarly as from the beginning of this year, fewer people of productive age (from 15 to 64 years) died than in the previous five years before the pandemic. Mortality continued to be higher1), by 10%, in the age group over 65, which is the most numerous of the three basic age groups in the structure of deaths. Seniors over 65 years of age, continued to make up more than three quarters of the total deaths (a total of 3.4 thousand people). Within this age group, younger seniors (65-74) died in a slightly higher number; their excess rate1) reached 13%.

For the second consecutive month, the situation deteriorated the most in Banskobystrický kraj, where the number of deaths in August increased by more than 14% above the average value of the last five years before the pandemic. Compared to July, the death rate deteriorated (slightly) in two regions of Slovakia, namely Prešovský and Trenčiansky kraj. The most significant improvement of the situation was recorded in Bratislavský kraj.

COVID-19 has once again risen in the list of the most common causes of death

In August, 129 people died as a result of the COVID-19 infection. Their number increased for the second consecutive month. With an almost 3% share in total mortality, it moved from the eighth to the sixth place among 22 groups of diseases2). In June, it was the eleventh most common cause of death in Slovakia. The summer wave of the pandemic this year caused the highest number of deaths from COVID-19 during the two holiday months. During July and August 2022, 217 people died as a result of this infection, while in the first pandemic year (in 2020) there were only 12 and last year 31 people.

In the eight month of the year, the most common causes of death were diseases of the circulatory system, which represented 43% of deaths (almost 1.9 thousand people) and tumors for 24% (almost 1.1 thousand people). These two groups of deaths have long been among the most common causes of death. Compared to the average of the previous five years, almost by 3% fewer people died from diseases of the circulatory system in August. In case of tumors, there were by 9% fewer people than the five-year average before the pandemic.

In August, the first five most common causes2) were completed by deaths from diseases of the respiratory system (9%), digestive system (6%) and external causes of death (4%).

  • 1) For an objective answer to the question to what extent the current mortality was worse than in the pre-pandemic period, the SO SR include into 5-year average the values for 2015 – 2019, which were the last years not affected by the pandemic. The year 2020 was already affected by the pandemic. 
  • 2) Causes of death are classified according to 22 disease groups of the International Classification of Diseases (ICC).

Data source: DATAcube. database

Data on mortality and causes of death can be found at www.statistics.sk in the DATAcube. database of the Statistical Office of the SR.:

  • Preliminary monthly data
    Deaths by Month of Death, Age, Sex and Causes of Death - SR-Area-Reg (monthly) [om3801mr].
    Numbers of deaths and causes of death in the SR according to 22 groups of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD) by months (including COVID-19). The data cube contains regional structures (regions, SR), age structures (pre-productive, productive and post-productive age, as well as age groups after 5 years).
  • Preliminary weekly data
    Deaths by Age Groups and Sex - SR-Area-Reg (weekly) [om3003tr].
    The table contains structures by 5-year age groups as well as regional structures/regions. The data are reported to Eurostat. EUROSTAT releases the most recent mortality data in Europe on a weekly basis in the table: Deaths by week.
    Weekly data for 2022 are preliminary. Weekly data are not identical with the monthly data (some weeks fall within two months).
  • Definitive data for 2021 were released on the 31 March 2022 on www.statistics.sk in the DATAcube. database.

Data on the number of deaths

The Statistical Office of the SR is responsible for processing data on mortality as a demographic phenomenon within the natural reproduction of the population of the SR at the national and international level.

The causes of death are also part of mortality statistics. Statistical data on the causes of death are analyzed by specialists of the Statistical Office of the SR together with experts of the Health Care Surveillance Authority in the context of diagnoses of diseases that affected the deceased. Due to a specific approach to the processing of data on deaths from COVID-19 and in order to know the real effects of this disease on society, special attention is paid to all deaths that symptoms and consequences are similar to COVID-19. After a thorough analysis, preliminary data on the causes of death are revised in cooperation with medical experts.

The difference between preliminary and definitive data exists in all statistical areas, revision of the data is the standard procedure. This is the case with the most statistical outputs, including statistics on deaths and their causes across the EU.

The data on the number of deaths, which are currently released daily by the National Health Information Centre (NHIC) and the Ministry of Health of the SR on korona.gov.sk, are the first preliminary data, as they are gradually reported from all regions. Later, deaths are processed exactly according to the date of death to the relevant day, month and also according to the causes of deaths, while the causes of deaths are analyzed and revised, if necessary. Deaths from COVID-19, which are presented by the SO SR, represent cases in which COVID-19 was the main cause of death, i.e. they relates to deaths "from COVID", not deaths "with COVID".

Statistical data on deaths are processed by the SO SR from the received forms "Death certificate and statistical report of death", which contains basic data on deaths, including diagnosis according to the International Classification of Diseases (ICD - 10) listed as the main cause of death. After the end of each month, the SO SR provides the forms to about one thousand registration offices in the SR, which collect data on deaths from almost 3,000 towns and municipalities in the SR. The form "Death certificate and statistical report of death" is completed by the supervising doctor. The SO SR is the data processor, it does not affect the data stated in the form.

Regional structures recorded the deceased by place of permanent residence (not the place where he / she died).

The final results on the number of people died of a specific disease (the main cause of death) are released by the Statistical Office of the SR after the end of the reference year in March of the following year.

  • Issued by :

  • Statistical Office of the SR
  • Lamačská cesta 3/C
  • 840 05 Bratislava 45
  • Slovak Republic
  • Information Services :

  • tel. +421 2 50 236 339
  • +421 2 50 236 335
  • e-mail: info@statistics.sk

While publishing of the whole information report or its parts, please state the source of information, the Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic. The Statistical Office of the SR creates high-quality statistics useful for society according to 16 principles regarding the institutional environment, statistical processes and outputs in line with the Code of Practice for European Statistics.


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