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Unemployment in the 3rd quarter of 2023
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Unemployment in the 3rd quarter of 2023

Last update: 04.12.2023
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Publisher: Statistical Office of the SR
Topic: Demographic and social statistics
Domain: Labour
Publish Date: 04.12.2023

The number of people without work continued to decrease, the unemployment rate remained below 6%

The development of the number of people without work in the third quarter confirmed the positive trend of decreasing values of unemployment indicator lasting over two years. The number of people without work in the summer and at the beginning of autumn dropped to almost 163 000, mainly due to the decrease in the number of the long-term unemployed. Unemployment decreased year-on-year in as many as five regions of the Slovak Republic.

The number of people without work in the 3rd quarter of 2023 in the SR reached almost 163 thousand persons, their number decreased by 3.1% year-on-year. The decrease of the unemployed according to the Labor Force Selection Survey (VZPS)1) thus continued for the ninth consecutive quarter.

The unemployment rate reached 5.9%, and year-on-year the indicator showing the share of unemployed among economically active persons decreased by 0.2 percentage points (p.p.).

The number of unemployed2) after seasonal adjustment increased by 0.2% to 161.6 thousand persons compared to the 2nd quarter.

The majority, almost 64% in the structure of people without work, were long-term unemployed. Thus, 104 000 people were unemployed in Slovakia for more than 11 months. The positive fact was that the development of their number followed the overall Slovak downward trend, the number of long-term unemployed thus decreased by 6.2% year-on-year. However, short-term unemployment rose slightly at the beginning of autumn.

The trend of a slight year-on-year decrease of the unemployed was manifested in all age groups, except for the youngest persons. The number of unemployed people aged 15 to 24 increased by almost 7% year-on-year.

There was a positive decrease in the structure of the unemployed during the 3rd quarter also from perspective of the sectors of the economy of the last employer. The number of people without work decreased year-on-year in half of the 16 sectors of the economy.

There was the greatest decrease (more than 60%)  in the number of the unemployed, of those who last worked in education. The second most dynamic decrease of over 40% was recorded by the group of people who most recently worked in administrative services and in the construction industry. Overall, the largest group of people without work was made up of people who had been dismissed or left the industry. This applies in the long term because industry is the largest employer sector of the economy. In addition, their number increased slightly year-on-year. A special and most numerous group was represented by persons who did not yet have a job, including, inter alia, also school graduates. Their number increased again after a year. Thus, every third person without a job in the Slovak Republic was a person without work experience.

From a regional point of view, the number of unemployed in the 3rd quarter of 2023 decreased year-on-year in 5 out of 8 regions of Slovakia. In percentage terms (relatively), the number of unemployed decreased the most in Nitriansky kraj (decrease by 31%) and in Žilinský kraj (decrease by 21%). The highest total number of unemployed remained in the east of Slovakia, in Prešovský kraj, over 43 000 people, and in Košický kraj, over 36 000 people. At the same time, both regions also recorded year-on-year growth in the number of unemployed by approximately 7%.

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The highest unemployment rate above 10% remained in Prešovský and Banskobystrický kraj, Košický kraj is approaching this threshold. On the contrary, Bratislavský kraj and Žilinský kraj had the lowest unemployment rate below the threshold of 3%. A total of 5 regions recorded a decrease in the unemployment rate.

From the point of view of the dynamics of development, the most significant change occurred in Nitriansky kraj, the unemployment rate here decreased by 1.5 p.p. to the level of 3.1%.

Unemployment in the 1st to 3rd quarter of 2023

In summary, for the first nine months of 2023, the number of people without work decreased by 4.3% year-on-year and reached 163.5 thousand people. The unemployment rate in the SR decreased by 0.3 p.p. to 5.9%. The total number of the unemployed, who were last employed worked in the field of wholesale and retail trade, transportation, or construction, decreased most significantly. There was the largest increase in number of persons in absolute number in three quarters in the group of persons without any work experience. Cumulatively, the unemployment rate in the SR was 5.9% for three quarters of the year, for the corresponding period last year it was 6.2% and two years ago it was 6.9%.

A high disproportion of the values of the unemployment indicator ​​between regions persisted. A total of 5 regions in the west and north of Slovakia had an unemployment rate below or just above 4%. Only two regions of the east of the SR and Banskobystrický kraj, respectively, approached, or slightly exceeded the 10% threshold.

  • 1) The LFS methodology is in compliance with the international definitions and recommendations of the International Labour Organization (ILO) and Eurostat.
  • 2) Unemployed persons according to the new LFS methodology valid in the EU since 2021 (IESS) are all persons aged 15 to 74 years who meet 3 criteria at the same time: in the observed (reference) week they had no paid work, they are able to start work in 2 weeks and are actively looking for work (full definition in Commission Regulation (EU) No 2019/2240). Data per sample were calculated using new integrated weights for the population adjusted for persons in collective facilities.

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