Skip to main content link using access key S.
Statistical Office SR
PortalMenuPortlet
Foreign trade – preliminary results in April and detailed data in the first tree months of 2024
Print Mail TW FB WA

Foreign trade – preliminary results in April and detailed data in the first tree months of 2024

Last update: 07.06.2024
Ilustratívny obrázok/Illustrative image
Publisher: Statistical Office of the SR
Topic: Macroeconomic statistics
Domain: Foreign trade
Publish Date: 07.06.2024

After two months, the Slovak exports returned to a year-on-year growth, affected mainly by the export of motor vehicles

In April, imports also recorded a year-on-year increase, for the first time this year. Slovakia's trade balance ended in significantly positive values for the fourth consecutive month in. Thus, the foreign trade surplus for the first four months of 2024 reached more than double the value compared to the corresponding period last year.

In April 2024, according to preliminary results, goods in the amount of1) EUR 9 billion were exported from Slovakia, with a year-on-year growth by 6.3%. The increase in exports was the highest since June 2023. The most important factor was the higher export of motor vehicles.

The value of imports2) increased by 4.4% to EUR 8.5 billion. The value of imported goods was higher year-on-year for the first time this year. It was mainly affected by the almost 21% increase in the value of imported miscellaneous industrial products.

The balance of foreign trade was in surplus in the amount of EUR 465.8 million, which was a better result by EUR 172.5 million compared to the corresponding period last year.

Image - Graph

Download high resolution chart format PDF (93 kB) or PNG (119 kB).


Of the ten sections in the exports structure, nine of them showed a year-on-year growth in the fourth month of this year. The most traded section of foreign trade Machinery and transport equipment (SITC 7), which also includes the export of motor vehicles, had a significant impact on the development of the Slovak exports. After three months, the value of exported machinery and transport equipment showed a year-on-year growth by almost 4%.

In the structure of imports, seven out of ten sections showed a year-on-year increase. The increase in total imports was mainly influenced by the growth in the value of imports in the class Miscellaneous industrial products (SITC 8). The value of imported goods in this section was higher by 20.9% year-on-year.

The most traded SITC section in Slovakia's foreign trade was Machinery and transport equipment with a share of 61.9% of total exports and 48.7% of total imports.

78.6% of the Slovak exports went to EU member states3) and imports from them represented 66.9%. Exports to the EU member states increased by 9.1% year-on-year in April. Imports from the EU member states increased by 7.2%. Exports to extra-EU countries decreased year-on-year by 3.1%, and imports from these countries were lower by 0.8%.

Preliminary data for January to April 2024

In the first four months of this year, exports decreased year-on-year by 3.7% to EUR 35.1 billion and imports decreased by 7.2% to EUR 33 billion. The balance of foreign trade was in surplus in the amount of EUR 2.2 billion. For the corresponding period last year, it was lower by EUR 1.2 billion.

Adjusted detailed data for January to March 2024

For January and March 2024, according to adjusted data, year-on-year exports decreased by 6.7% to EUR 26.1 billion and imports decreased by 10.7% to EUR 24.5 billion. The balance of foreign trade was in surplus in the amount of EUR 1.7 billion. In the corresponding period last year, the balance of foreign trade ended with a surplus in the amount of EUR 637.2 million.

Outputs on the topic of foreign trade

Classifications of foreign trade

Foreign trade statistics are compiled in four different classifications. The Combined Nomenclature (CN) is the primary nomenclature used by all EU member states to report foreign trade in goods when collecting data. It is based on the Harmonized System (HS) of description and numbering of goods and is subject to annual revisions that ensure their timeliness. It is divided into sections (indicated by Roman numerals), chapters (HS2), headings (HS4) and sub-headings (HS6) of the Harmonized System of which a sub-heading of the combined nomenclature (CN8) is created by adding two more digits.

Converters allow to transpose detailed data collected under the CN to other classifications, such as:

  • Standard International Trade Classification (SITC), which correlates with sub-headings of the Harmonized System,
  • Classification according to the Broad Economic Categories (BEC), which categorizes goods into economic categories with regard to their final use,
  • Statistical Classification of Products by Activity (CPA), which allows linking products that have common characteristics with activities defined by NACE.

Preliminary data

They are published monthly no later than 6 weeks after the end of the reference month, according to the First Release Calendar in the SITC classification, Rev. 4. (at the level of 10 basic sections).

Adjusted detailed data

They are published monthly with shifting the deadline by 1 month (about 70 days after the end of the reference month) according to the Harmonized System (in the HS4 structure - approximately 1,200 headings of goods) and according to partner countries.

  • Issued by :

  • Statistical Office of the SR
  • Lamačská cesta 3/C
  • 840 05 Bratislava 45
  • Slovak Republic
  • Information Services :

  • tel. +421 2 50 236 339
  • +421 2 50 236 335
  • e-mail: info@statistics.sk

While publishing of the whole information report or its parts, please state the source of information, the Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic. The Statistical Office of the SR creates high-quality statistics useful for society according to 16 principles regarding the institutional environment, statistical processes and outputs in line with the Code of Practice for European Statistics.


/wps/portal/ext/products/informationmessages/inf_sprava_detail Foreign trade – preliminary results in April and detailed data in the first tree months of 2024 Z6_Q7I8BB1A00BL30IJKSNHCF2GU5 /Štatistický úrad SR - Home /Products /Information reports Catalogue /Detail