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Demography – deaths and causes of deaths in the SR in April 2022
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Demography – deaths and causes of deaths in the SR in April 2022

Last update: 26.05.2022
Publisher: Headquarters Bratislava
Topic: Demographic and social statistics
Domain: Population and migration
Publish Date: 26.05.2022

In Slovakia, the fewest people died in April in the last eight months, COVID-19 represented more than 6% of the deaths

The total excess-mortality rate in Slovakia in April 2022 decreased by 3%, while a month earlier it was at the level of 20%. Significantly fewer people died than in the pre-pandemic years in the working age group and also in Bratislavský kraj. There was a drop also in the two most common causes of death – circulatory system diseases and tumors. Almost 290 people died of COVID-19.

In April 2022, Slovakia recorded the lowest number of deaths since August 2021 and it was close as possible to the pre-pandemic levels this year. In total, almost 4.5 thousand people died in the country, representing an increase by 3.3% (144 people) compared to the five-year average of 2015-2019, before the onset of the pandemic1). The March´s excess mortality was still at the level of 20.3%. This results from the preliminary data on the number and causes of death in April 2022, currently published by the Statistical Office of the SR. At the same time, the Office also revised the data for the first three months of this year.

"Excess-mortality has decreased mainly due to the lower number of deaths in the two most common causes of death - circulatory system diseases and tumors. The number of people dying from tumors in Slovakia has been lower than the 5-year average before the pandemic for the sixth consecutive months already," stated Zuzana Podmanická, Director of the Department of Population Statistics of the Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic.

A lower number of deaths than the 5-year average before the pandemic was also recorded in the groups of people in the pre-productive (from 0 to 14 years) and in the productive age (from 15 to 64 years) during all four months of this year. In April, this was the most significant decrease in the number of people of working age compared to the previous years.

During the first four months of this year, excess-mortality was reflected only in the group of seniors over 65 years of age. In April 2022, it reached 10%, when a total of almost 3.6 thousand seniors died. As in the previous months, the situation was worse in the subgroup of younger seniors (aged 65 to 74), in which by 19% more people died compared to the five-year average in April.

"In April, a significant reduction in excess-mortality was reflected in all the eight regions of Slovakia. In Bratislava, the number of deaths has even dropped by 8% below the average of the last five years before the pandemic. Still slightly above-average values persisted especially in Trenčiansky (9%) and Prešovský kraj (10%),“ added Zuzana Podmanická.

Compared with March, the situation improved the most in Bratislavský, Trnavský and Košický kraj, where the number of deaths dropped by more than 21 percentage points compared to the 5-year average.

COVID-19 was the fourth most common cause of death also in April

In terms of the causes of death, a higher number of deaths remained as a result of COVID-19 infection. Although their number decreased by three quarters than a year ago, as many as 289 people still died of the new virus in the fourth month of this year. Therefore, COVID-19 infection remained fourth in the list of the most common causes of death2) in April.

From the regional perspective, the COVID-19 infection had the largest share of more than 10% of the total number of deaths in Trenčiansky kraj which continues to be the leader for the sixth consecutive month. On the contrary, the lowest share was recorded in Košický kraj for the second consecutive month (4% of the total number of deaths in April 2022). Together with Žilinský kraj, this region also had the lowest absolute number of deaths from COVID-19 infection among all regions of Slovakia.

In April, the structure of deaths in Slovakia was dominated by diseases of the circulatory system, which caused 44% of deaths. 2 thousand people died of them, which was more than 5% less than in the pre-pandemic years). Significantly lower mortality was observed in people of working age, on the contrary, excess-mortality in diseases of the circulatory system manifested itself mainly in the age group of younger seniors (from 65 to 74 years), but also only at the level of 5%.

Tumors were the second most common cause of death, affecting 952 people (21% of all deaths). However, in April, similarly as in the previous five months, fewer people died from these causes than the five-year average, currently up to 12%. The third most common cause with 11% was respiratory diseases. This cause of death has been the second highest over-mortality1) of all causes of death in the SR for a long time, up to 47%. 483 people died of respiratory diseases in April.

  • 1) For an objective answer to the question to what extent the current mortality was worse than in the pre-pandemic period, the SO SR adjusted the selection of years for comparison with the pre-pandemic average. The values for 2015 – 2019, which were the last years not affected by the pandemic, were included into the average. The year 2020 was already affected by the pandemic.
  • 2) Causes of death are classified according to 22 categories of diseases of the International Classification of Diseases (ICC).

Data on mortality and causes of death can be found at in the DATAcube. database of the Statistical Office of the SR.:

  • Preliminary monthly data - Deaths by Month of Death, Age, Sex and Causes of Death - SR-Area-Reg (monthly) [om3801mr].
    Numbers of deaths and causes of death in the SR according to 22 groups of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD) by months (including COVID-19). The data cube contains regional structures (regions, SR), age structures (pre-productive, productive and post-productive age, as well as age groups after 5 years).
  • Preliminary weekly data - Deaths by Age Groups and Sex - SR-Area-Reg (weekly) [om3003tr].
    The table contains structures by 5-year age groups as well as regional structures/regions. The data are reported to Eurostat. EUROSTAT releases the most recent mortality data in Europe on a weekly basis in the table: Deaths by week.
    Weekly data for 2022 are preliminary. Weekly data are not identical with the monthly data (some weeks fall within two months).
  • Definitive data for 2021 were released on the 31 March 2022 on in the DATAcube. database.

Data on the number of deaths

The Statistical Office of the SR is responsible for processing data on mortality as a demographic phenomenon within the natural reproduction of the population of the SR at the national and international level.

The causes of death are also part of mortality statistics. Statistical data on the causes of death are analyzed by specialists of the Statistical Office of the SR together with experts of the Health Care Surveillance Authority in the context of diagnoses of diseases that affected the deceased. Due to a specific approach to the processing of data on deaths from COVID-19 and in order to know the real effects of this disease on society, special attention is paid to all deaths that symptoms and consequences are similar to COVID-19. After a thorough analysis, preliminary data on the causes of death are revised in cooperation with medical experts.

The difference between preliminary and definitive data exists in all statistical areas, revision of the data is the standard procedure. This is the case with the most statistical outputs, including statistics on deaths and their causes across the EU.

The data on the number of deaths, which are currently released daily by the National Health Information Centre (NHIC) and the Ministry of Health of the SR on, are the first preliminary data, as they are gradually reported from all regions. Later, deaths are processed exactly according to the date of death to the relevant day, month and also according to the causes of deaths, while the causes of deaths are analyzed and revised, if necessary. Deaths from COVID-19, which are presented by the SO SR, represent cases in which COVID-19 was the main cause of death, i.e. they relates to deaths "from COVID", not deaths "with COVID".

Statistical data on deaths are processed by the SO SR from the received forms "Death certificate and statistical report of death", which contains basic data on deaths, including diagnosis according to the International Classification of Diseases (ICD - 10) listed as the main cause of death. After the end of each month, the SO SR provides the forms to about one thousand registration offices in the SR, which collect data on deaths from almost 3,000 towns and municipalities in the SR. The form "Death certificate and statistical report of death" is completed by the supervising doctor. The SO SR is the data processor, it does not affect the data stated in the form.

Regional structures recorded the deceased by place of permanent residence (not the place where he / she died).

The final results on the number of people died of a specific disease (the main cause of death) are released by the Statistical Office of the SR after the end of the reference year in March of the following year.

  • Issued by :

  • Statistical Office of the SR
  • Lamačská cesta 3/C
  • 840 05 Bratislava 45
  • Slovak Republic
  • Information Services :

  • tel. +421 2 50 236 339
  • +421 2 50 236 335
  • e-mail:

While publishing of the whole information report or its parts, please state the source of information, the Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic. The Statistical Office of the SR creates high-quality statistics useful for society according to 16 principles regarding the institutional environment, statistical processes and outputs in line with the Code of Practice for European Statistics.

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