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Demography – deaths and causes of deaths in the SR in September 2022
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Demography – deaths and causes of deaths in the SR in September 2022

Last update: 26.10.2022
Ilustratívny obrázok/Illustrative image
Publisher: Statistical Office of the SR
Topic: Demographic and social statistics
Domain: Population and migration
Publish Date: 26.10.2022

In September, the number of deaths was the lowest this year, as the COVID-19 infection reduced its share of the total deaths

In September, the total mortality rate in Slovakia was lower than the five-year average for the first time in 2022, in spite of that an increasing number of deaths was recorded in Žilinský kraj. The number of deaths from one of the most common causes of death common cause of death - cancer decreased compared to the years before the pandemic. The number of victims of COVID-19 declined, it accounted for almost 2% of the total deaths and was the eighth most common cause of death.

In Slovakia, 4.1 thousand people died in September 2022, which was by 0.4% less people (18 people) than the value of the five-year average of 2015-2019 before the onset of the pandemic1). It was the lowest number of deaths this year. It follows from preliminary data on the number of deaths and causes of death in September 2022 published by the Statistical Office of the SR. The office also adjusted the data for the first eight months of this year.

"The lower mortality compared to the 5-year average before the pandemic was influenced by the lower number of deaths from one of the most common causes of death - cancer. A 30% decrease in the number of deaths from external causes of morbidity and mortality and a lower number of deaths from the COVID-19 infection also contributed to the decrease in September's mortality values compared to pre-pandemic values," explained Zuzana Podmanická, the Director of the Department of Population Statistics of the SOSR.

In September, from a regional point of view, the situation worsened in Žilinský kraj, where the number of deaths increased by more than 10% above the average value of the last five years before the pandemic. Compared to the 5-year average of 2015-2019, the number of deaths was higher in two regions of Slovakia, namely Bratislavský and Trenčiansky kraj. The most significant improvement in the situation was recorded in Banskobystrický kraj.

COVID-19 has fallen in the order of the most common causes of death

78 people died from the COVID-19 infection in September. Their number decreased for the first time in the last three months. With an almost 2% share of the total mortality, it dropped from sixth to eighth place among the 22 disease groups2).

The most common causes of death in the ninth month of this year were diseases of the circulatory system, which accounted for 47% of deaths (almost 2 thousand people) and tumours with a quarter share (1 thousand people). These two groups of deaths have long been among the most common causes of death. Almost 1% more people died from diseases of the circulatory system in September compared to the average of the previous five years. In the case of tumours, the number of deaths decreased by 9% in comparison to the five-year average before the pandemic.

In September, the first five most common causes2) were completed by deaths from diseases of the respiratory system (8%), digestive system (6%) and external causes of death (4%).

  • 1) For an objective answer to the question to what extent the current mortality was worse than in the pre-pandemic period, the SO SR include into 5-year average the values for 2015 – 2019, which were the last years not affected by the pandemic. The year 2020 was already affected by the pandemic. 
  • 2) Causes of death are classified according to 22 disease groups of the International Classification of Diseases (ICC).

Data source: DATAcube. database

Data on mortality and causes of death can be found at in the DATAcube. database of the Statistical Office of the SR.:

  • Preliminary monthly data
    Deaths by Month of Death, Age, Sex and Causes of Death - SR-Area-Reg (monthly) [om3801mr].
    Numbers of deaths and causes of death in the SR according to 22 groups of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD) by months (including COVID-19). The data cube contains regional structures (regions, SR), age structures (pre-productive, productive and post-productive age, as well as age groups after 5 years).
  • Preliminary weekly data
    Deaths by Age Groups and Sex - SR-Area-Reg (weekly) [om3003tr].
    The table contains structures by 5-year age groups as well as regional structures/regions. The data are reported to Eurostat. EUROSTAT releases the most recent mortality data in Europe on a weekly basis in the table: Deaths by week.
    Weekly data for 2022 are preliminary. Weekly data are not identical with the monthly data (some weeks fall within two months).
  • Definitive data for 2021 were released on the 31 March 2022 on in the DATAcube. database.

Data on the number of deaths

The Statistical Office of the SR is responsible for processing data on mortality as a demographic phenomenon within the natural reproduction of the population of the SR at the national and international level.

The causes of death are also part of mortality statistics. Statistical data on the causes of death are analyzed by specialists of the Statistical Office of the SR together with experts of the Health Care Surveillance Authority in the context of diagnoses of diseases that affected the deceased. Due to a specific approach to the processing of data on deaths from COVID-19 and in order to know the real effects of this disease on society, special attention is paid to all deaths that symptoms and consequences are similar to COVID-19. After a thorough analysis, preliminary data on the causes of death are revised in cooperation with medical experts.

The difference between preliminary and definitive data exists in all statistical areas, revision of the data is the standard procedure. This is the case with the most statistical outputs, including statistics on deaths and their causes across the EU.

The data on the number of deaths, which are currently released daily by the National Health Information Centre (NHIC) and the Ministry of Health of the SR on, are the first preliminary data, as they are gradually reported from all regions. Later, deaths are processed exactly according to the date of death to the relevant day, month and also according to the causes of deaths, while the causes of deaths are analyzed and revised, if necessary. Deaths from COVID-19, which are presented by the SO SR, represent cases in which COVID-19 was the main cause of death, i.e. they relates to deaths "from COVID", not deaths "with COVID".

Statistical data on deaths are processed by the SO SR from the received forms "Death certificate and statistical report of death", which contains basic data on deaths, including diagnosis according to the International Classification of Diseases (ICD - 10) listed as the main cause of death. After the end of each month, the SO SR provides the forms to about one thousand registration offices in the SR, which collect data on deaths from almost 3,000 towns and municipalities in the SR. The form "Death certificate and statistical report of death" is completed by the supervising doctor. The SO SR is the data processor, it does not affect the data stated in the form.

Regional structures recorded the deceased by place of permanent residence (not the place where he / she died).

The final results on the number of people died of a specific disease (the main cause of death) are released by the Statistical Office of the SR after the end of the reference year in March of the following year.

  • Issued by :

  • Statistical Office of the SR
  • Lamačská cesta 3/C
  • 840 05 Bratislava 45
  • Slovak Republic
  • Information Services :

  • tel. +421 2 50 236 339
  • +421 2 50 236 335
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