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Demography – deaths and causes of deaths in the SR in November 2022
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Demography – deaths and causes of deaths in the SR in November 2022

Last update: 22.12.2022
Ilustračný obrázok
Publisher: Statistical Office of the SR
Topic: Demographic and social statistics
Domain: Population and migration
Publish Date: 22.12.2022

The number of deaths in November approached the state before the pandemic, over 80 people succumbed to the infection of COVID-19

The overall death rate in Slovakia dropped to 2%, in two regions the number of deaths was even lower than the five-year average before the pandemic. COVID-19 dropped to the eighth place in the ranking of the most common causes of death.

Almost 4.4 thousand people died in Slovakia in November, which is the second lowest number in the last thirteen months. The number of deaths was higher by 2% than the average value of the same month in 2015-2019 before the onset of the pandemic1). This follows from preliminary data on the number of deaths and causes of death in November 2022, published by the Statistical Office of the SR. The Office also adjusted the data for the first ten months of this year.

"The overall death rate in November was the lowest ever this year. On the contrary, we recorded the highest values this year in the Slovak Republic in March, when it reached over 21% with almost 5 000 deaths. At the same time, in November of last year 2021, it was approximately at the level of up to 75%," said Zuzana Podmanická, Director of the Population Statistics Department of the Statistical Office of the SR.

After a month, the development of mortality among younger seniors (from 65 to 74 years old) was significantly worse than among people over 75 years old. The excess mortality of younger seniors was more than 17%, while it was only at the level of less than 2% for older seniors.

A lower number of deaths compared to the 5-year average before the onset of the pandemic was recorded only in Nitriansky kraj (by 3%) and Trenčiansky kraj (by 1%). The remaining six regions reached excess mortality, the lowest in Trnavský kraj (1%) and the highest in Košický kraj (7%).

COVID-19 has dropped in the list of the most common causes of death

A total of 81 people died in November as a result of the COVID-19 infection. Their number decreased by almost half month-on-month, and the share of victims of this disease thus represented less than 2% of all deaths. Among 22 groups of diseases2), this cause of death dropped from the sixth place in October to the current eighth place.

The most common causes of death in the eleventh month of this year were diseases of the circulatory system, which accounted for 47% of deaths (almost 2.1 thousand persons) and tumours for 23% (approximately 1 thousand persons). These two groups of deaths have long been among the most common causes of death. The same number of people died from diseases of the circulatory system in November as the average for the years 2015-2019. In the case of tumours, fewer people died for the fifth consecutive month than the five-year average, currently by almost 12%.

In November, the first five most common causes2) were completed by deaths from diseases of the respiratory system (recorded an 8% share), digestive system (7%) and external causes of death (5%).

  • 1) For an objective answer to the question to what extent the current mortality was worse than in the pre-pandemic period, the Statistical Office of the SR include into 5-year average the values for 2015 – 2019, which were the last years not affected by the pandemic. The year 2020 was already affected by the pandemic. 
  • 2) Causes of death are classified according to 22 disease groups of the International Classification of Diseases (ICC).

Data source: DATAcube. database

Data on mortality and causes of death can be found at www.statistics.sk in the DATAcube. database of the Statistical Office of the SR.:

  • Preliminary monthly data
    Deaths by Month of Death, Age, Sex and Causes of Death - SR-Area-Reg (monthly) [om3801mr].
    Numbers of deaths and causes of death in the SR according to 22 groups of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD) by months (including COVID-19). The data cube contains regional structures (regions, SR), age structures (pre-productive, productive and post-productive age, as well as age groups after 5 years).
  • Preliminary weekly data
    Deaths by Age Groups and Sex - SR-Area-Reg (weekly) [om3003tr].
    The table contains structures by 5-year age groups as well as regional structures/regions. The data are reported to Eurostat. EUROSTAT releases the most recent mortality data in Europe on a weekly basis in the table: Deaths by week.
    Weekly data for 2022 are preliminary. Weekly data are not identical with the monthly data (some weeks fall within two months).
  • Definitive data for 2021 were released on the 31 March 2022 on www.statistics.sk in the DATAcube. database.

Data on the number of deaths

The Statistical Office of the SR is responsible for processing data on mortality as a demographic phenomenon within the natural reproduction of the population of the SR at the national and international level.

The causes of death are also part of mortality statistics. Statistical data on the causes of death are analyzed by specialists of the Statistical Office of the SR together with experts of the Health Care Surveillance Authority in the context of diagnoses of diseases that affected the deceased. Due to a specific approach to the processing of data on deaths from COVID-19 and in order to know the real effects of this disease on society, special attention is paid to all deaths that symptoms and consequences are similar to COVID-19. After a thorough analysis, preliminary data on the causes of death are revised in cooperation with medical experts.

The difference between preliminary and definitive data exists in all statistical areas, revision of the data is the standard procedure. This is the case with the most statistical outputs, including statistics on deaths and their causes across the EU.

The data on the number of deaths, which are currently released daily by the National Health Information Centre (NHIC) and the Ministry of Health of the SR on korona.gov.sk, are the first preliminary data, as they are gradually reported from all regions. Later, deaths are processed exactly according to the date of death to the relevant day, month and also according to the causes of deaths, while the causes of deaths are analyzed and revised, if necessary. Deaths from COVID-19, which are presented by the Statistical Office of the SR, represent cases in which COVID-19 was the main cause of death, i.e. they relates to deaths "from COVID", not deaths "with COVID".

Statistical data on deaths are processed by the Statistical Office of the SR from the received forms "Death certificate and statistical report of death", which contains basic data on deaths, including diagnosis according to the International Classification of Diseases (ICD - 10) listed as the main cause of death. After the end of each month, the Statistical Office of the SR provides the forms to about one thousand registration offices in the SR, which collect data on deaths from almost 3,000 towns and municipalities in the SR. The form "Death certificate and statistical report of death" is completed by the supervising doctor. The Statistical Office of the SR is the data processor, it does not affect the data stated in the form.

Regional structures recorded the deceased by place of permanent residence (not the place where he/she died).

The final results on the number of people died of a specific disease (the main cause of death) are released by the Statistical Office of the SR after the end of the reference year in March of the following year.

  • Issued by :

  • Statistical Office of the SR
  • Lamačská cesta 3/C
  • 840 05 Bratislava 45
  • Slovak Republic
  • Information Services :

  • tel. +421 2 50 236 339
  • +421 2 50 236 335
  • e-mail: info@statistics.sk

While publishing of the whole information report or its parts, please state the source of information, the Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic. The Statistical Office of the SR creates high-quality statistics useful for society according to 16 principles regarding the institutional environment, statistical processes and outputs in line with the Code of Practice for European Statistics.


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