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Demography – deaths and causes of deaths in the SR in October 2022
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Demography – deaths and causes of deaths in the SR in October 2022

Last update: 25.11.2022
Ilustračný obrázok
Publisher: Statistical Office of the SR
Topic: Demographic and social statistics
Domain: Population and migration
Publish Date: 25.11.2022

The number of deaths also exceeded the five-year average in October, almost 150 people died from the COVID-19 infection

The more than two-thirds month-on-month increase in deaths from coronavirus infection caused its movement from eighth to sixth place in the ranking of the most common causes of death. The overall excess mortality rate in the SR was at the level of 5%. The worst situation was in Košický kraj, where the number of deaths was more than 13% higher than the average for the years 2015-2019.

More than 4,600 people died in Slovakia in October, which is the fourth lowest number in the last twelve months. The number of deaths was 4.7% higher than the average value of the same month in 2015-2019 before the onset of the pandemic1). This follows from preliminary data on the number of deaths and causes of death in October 2022, published by the Statistical Office of the SR. The office also adjusted the data for the first nine months of this year.

"The impacts of the coronavirus on mortality are slightly worsening again, in October 145 people died from the COVID-19 disease, which is more than 70% more than in September 2022. However, the number of victims was three times lower than a year ago in October, when the impacts of the third wave of the pandemic began to be more pronounced," said Zuzana Podmanická, Director of the Population Statistics Department of the SOSR.

From the beginning of the pandemic (March 2020) to the end of October 2022, the coronavirus caused a total of more than 21.5 thousand deaths in Slovakia.

Compared to the 5-year average before the pandemic, significantly fewer people died in October 2022 in the group of people of productive age (from 15 to 64 years). A lower number of deaths was also recorded in the group of persons of pre-productive age (from 0 to 14 years). Excess mortality was recorded only in the group of seniors over 65 years of age, which is the most numerous of the three basic age groups in the structure of the deceased. In October 2022, it reached almost 12%, when a total of approximately 3.6 thousand seniors died (they accounted for more than 79% of all deaths).

In contrast to previous months, the development of mortality in both subgroups of seniors, i.e. younger seniors (from 65 to 74 years old) and persons over 75 years old, was relatively the same.

Only Trenčiansky kraj recorded a lower number of deaths (by 4%) compared to the five-year average before the onset of the pandemic. The remaining seven regions reached excess mortality, the lowest was recorded in Bratislavský kraj (2%) and the highest in Košický kraj (13%).

Compared to September, the value of excess mortality deteriorated in four regions of Slovakia, namely in Banskobystrický, Trnavský, Košický and Prešovský kraj. Lower excess mortality was registered in Trenčiansky, Bratislavský a Žilinský kraj.

COVID-19 has once again risen in the list of the most common causes of death

In October, 145 people died from the COVID-19 infection. Their number increased by more than two-thirds, month-on-month. With a share of more than 3%, this cause of death moved from the eighth to the sixth rank among the 22 disease groups). In August, it was the seventh most common cause of death in Slovakia.

The most common causes of death in the tenth month of this year were diseases of the circulatory system, which represented 47% of deaths (almost 2.2 thousand people) and tumors for 23% (more than 1 thousand people). These two groups of deaths have long been among the most common causes of death. 1% more people died from diseases of the circulatory system in October compared to the 2015-2019 average. In case of tumors, almost by 9% fewer people died than the five-year average 2015-2019. Only in June of this year more people died from this cause than the average for the same month 2015-2019.

In October, the first five most common causes2) were completed by deaths from diseases of the respiratory system (10%), digestive system (5%) and external causes of death (4%).

  • 1) For an objective answer to the question to what extent the current mortality was worse than in the pre-pandemic period, the SO SR include into 5-year average the values for 2015 – 2019, which were the last years not affected by the pandemic. The year 2020 was already affected by the pandemic. 
  • 2) Causes of death are classified according to 22 disease groups of the International Classification of Diseases (ICC).

Data source: DATAcube. database

Data on mortality and causes of death can be found at in the DATAcube. database of the Statistical Office of the SR.:

  • Preliminary monthly data
    Deaths by Month of Death, Age, Sex and Causes of Death - SR-Area-Reg (monthly) [om3801mr].
    Numbers of deaths and causes of death in the SR according to 22 groups of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD) by months (including COVID-19). The data cube contains regional structures (regions, SR), age structures (pre-productive, productive and post-productive age, as well as age groups after 5 years).
  • Preliminary weekly data
    Deaths by Age Groups and Sex - SR-Area-Reg (weekly) [om3003tr].
    The table contains structures by 5-year age groups as well as regional structures/regions. The data are reported to Eurostat. EUROSTAT releases the most recent mortality data in Europe on a weekly basis in the table: Deaths by week.
    Weekly data for 2022 are preliminary. Weekly data are not identical with the monthly data (some weeks fall within two months).
  • Definitive data for 2021 were released on the 31 March 2022 on in the DATAcube. database.

Data on the number of deaths

The Statistical Office of the SR is responsible for processing data on mortality as a demographic phenomenon within the natural reproduction of the population of the SR at the national and international level.

The causes of death are also part of mortality statistics. Statistical data on the causes of death are analyzed by specialists of the Statistical Office of the SR together with experts of the Health Care Surveillance Authority in the context of diagnoses of diseases that affected the deceased. Due to a specific approach to the processing of data on deaths from COVID-19 and in order to know the real effects of this disease on society, special attention is paid to all deaths that symptoms and consequences are similar to COVID-19. After a thorough analysis, preliminary data on the causes of death are revised in cooperation with medical experts.

The difference between preliminary and definitive data exists in all statistical areas, revision of the data is the standard procedure. This is the case with the most statistical outputs, including statistics on deaths and their causes across the EU.

The data on the number of deaths, which are currently released daily by the National Health Information Centre (NHIC) and the Ministry of Health of the SR on, are the first preliminary data, as they are gradually reported from all regions. Later, deaths are processed exactly according to the date of death to the relevant day, month and also according to the causes of deaths, while the causes of deaths are analyzed and revised, if necessary. Deaths from COVID-19, which are presented by the SO SR, represent cases in which COVID-19 was the main cause of death, i.e. they relates to deaths "from COVID", not deaths "with COVID".

Statistical data on deaths are processed by the SO SR from the received forms "Death certificate and statistical report of death", which contains basic data on deaths, including diagnosis according to the International Classification of Diseases (ICD - 10) listed as the main cause of death. After the end of each month, the SO SR provides the forms to about one thousand registration offices in the SR, which collect data on deaths from almost 3,000 towns and municipalities in the SR. The form "Death certificate and statistical report of death" is completed by the supervising doctor. The SO SR is the data processor, it does not affect the data stated in the form.

Regional structures recorded the deceased by place of permanent residence (not the place where he / she died).

The final results on the number of people died of a specific disease (the main cause of death) are released by the Statistical Office of the SR after the end of the reference year in March of the following year.

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  • Statistical Office of the SR
  • Lamačská cesta 3/C
  • 840 05 Bratislava 45
  • Slovak Republic
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