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Employment in the 1st quarter of 2021
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Employment in the 1st quarter of 2021

Last update: 04.06.2021
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Publisher: Headquarters Bratislava
Topic: Demographic and social statistics
Domain: Labour
Publish Date: 04.06.2021

(according to the Labour Force Survey) 1)

In the first quarter of 2021, a decline in employment affected the most sectors of the Slovak economy

A change in EU legislation has led to significant methodological changes in the LFS, which has limited the possibility to compare current data in longer time series.

In the first quarter of 2021,according to the Labour Force Survey (LFSS), employment decreased by 4,8 % year-on-year, the number of employed persons 2) decreased to 2 501,8 thousand of per-sonsin Slovakia. Seasonally adjusted total employment reached 2 508,4 thousand of persons and compared to the end of last year (compared to the 4th quarter of 2020) decreased by 0,7 %.

The employment rate, 3) which expresses a share of employed persons in the total population, de-creased by 2,8 73 %compared to the 1st quarter of 2020.

For the purposes of the analysis, it is important to note that significant changes followed from changes in EU legislation have been made in the methodologyin the Labour Force Survey since 2021, as a result of which data from 2021 are not compatible with data for pre-vious periods and it is therefore not possible to compare them in time series. At least for purposesof the basic characteristics of changes in the labour market, only the basic year-on-year indices were recalculated as much as possible according to the new methodology, but not the absolute values in the first quarter of 2020 or older LFS data.

As for the total 19 monitored sectors, the effects of the pandemic in the form of job losses were reflected in 12 sectors. The more strict measures had a significant effect on a decline in employ-ment in services, which accounted for more than 60 % of the total employment. The largest impact was recorded in accommodation and food service activities, where the number of employed per-sons decreased by almost one third (by 32,2 %), in arts, entertainment and recreation by 27 % and in other service activities by 25,4 %. An increase in the number of employed persons was reflected mostly in the sectors - electricity and gas supply, real estate activities and information and commu-nication.

The sector that employs the highest number of employed persons is industry (680 thousand of per-sons), the number of employed persons decreased by 6,2 % year-on-year (in manufacturing by 7,3 %). A decline in employment was also in agriculture by 18,6 %. On the contrary, the number of employed persons in construction increased by 3,3 %.

The employment rate, as well as employment (number of employed persons) decreased year-on-year in all regions. The impacts of the pandemic were reflected in a decrease in the number of em-ployed persons in all regions, mostly in Trenčianskykraj by 6,6 %, where also the largest decline in the employment rate was recorded (by 4,5 p.p.). The lowest level of employment was in the regions of eastern Slovakia, in Prešovskýkraj (67,4 %) and in Košickýkraj (66,3 %).

At the beginning of 2021,the number of employed persons abroad 4) reached 110,2 thousand of persons, accounted for 4,4 % of the total number of employed persons. Compared to the same period last year, their number decreased by 11,2 %. They worked mainly in construction (40,4 thou-sand of persons), industry (22,6 thousand of persons) and health and social work (18,7 thousand of persons). As for the European countries, they worked mainly in Germany (29,4 thousand of per-sons), Austria (28,4 thousand of persons) and the Czech Republic (24,6 thousand of persons). Most employed persons commuting abroad were from Prešovský kraj (29,7 thousand of persons) and Žilinskýkraj(18,6 thousand of persons).

Methodological change:

Since 2021, significant methodological changes have been made in the Labor Force Survey as a result of which data from 2021 are not compatible with data for previous periods and it is therefore not possible to compare them in a longer than year-on-year time series.

As there is a demand for information that characterizes the real development of the labour market, we have replaced the missing figures on the development of the main indicators with estimates of comparable indices at the year-on-year level. The indices were calculated from comparable esti-mates, i. e. the data for the first quarter of 2020 were adjusted in a way that corresponded as much as possible to the new methodology. It is not possible to make a comprehensive adjustment of last year's data, or data in previous years, according to the new methodological rules.

A result is currently published data with absolute LFS values according to the new methodology and with year-on-year indices calculated from comparable data, which, however, do not correspond to the published data in 2020 and previous years.

A change in the methodology at European level has resulted from the new Regulation (EU) 2019/1700 of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a common framework for European statistics relating to persons and households, based on individual data collected from samples (IESS) and subsequent implementing and delegated regulations.

According to the new LFS methodology, an upper limit for employed persons to 89 years (the lower remaining at the level of 15 years) was introduced inter alia, at the same time persons on paid acti-vation work no longer belong to the group of employed persons, but persons on parental leave are also newly included to employed persons. More detailed information in Note 2 and in the LFS metadata.

1) LFSS methodology is in accordance with international definitions and recommendations of the ILO and Eurostat
2) employed persons according to the new LFS methodology are all persons aged 15 to 89 who in the monitored (refer-ence) week perform at least 1 hour of work for wages, salary or other type of remuneration or work for the purpose of making a profit, including persons working on the basis of agreements, seasonal workers, persons on maternity or parental leave, persons working abroad for less than 1 year, persons commuting abroad; respondents are included in the industry according to the economic activity of the local unit and not the whole enterprise; according to the new LFS methodology valid since 2021, persons on paid activation work no longer belong to this group; persons on parental leave are also newly included to the employed persons; the data per sample were imputed using the new integrated weights for the population adjusted by persons in collective facilities; indices are calculated from comparable esti-mates (data for the 1st quarter of 2020) were adjusted in a way that corresponds as much as possible to the new methodology)
3) expressed as a percentage of the number of employed persons aged 20-64 from the total population of the same age
4) according to LFS; migration for work abroad up to 1 year, including no time-limited commuting abroad (across bor-ders)

Source: SOSR, DATAcube.

Employed by the Labour Force Sample Survey (since 2021) [pr0002qs]

Employed by the Labour Force Sample Survey ( Years 2012 - 2020) [pr0902qs]

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