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Reporting of Government deficits and debt levels by the Slovak Republic to the European Commission (Eurostat) as of 1st October 2021 for 2017 – 2021
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Reporting of Government deficits and debt levels by the Slovak Republic to the European Commission (Eurostat) as of 1st October 2021 for 2017 – 2021

Last update: 20.10.2021
Ilustratívny obrázok/Illustrative image
Publisher: Headquarters Bratislava
Topic: Macroeconomic statistics
Domain: National accounts
Publish Date: 20.10.2021


The deficit of the general government for the year 2020 reached -5 062 mil. EUR, which equates to 5,50 % of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of the Slovak Republic. The level of debt for 2020 reached 55 010 mil. EUR, which corresponds to 59,74 % of GDP.

This results from the Report on Government deficits and debt levels of the Slovak Republic published today by the Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic (hereinafter SOSR). The report contains semi-definitive economic results for general government sector SR for 2020 and also reports updated data for 2017-2021. The data for 2021 are the planned budgeted data on deficit, level of debt as well as GDP valid at the date of submission.

The deficit of general government in the year 2020 increased in comparison to 2019 by 3 809 mil. EUR, which is 4,14 % of GDP. The central government sector reported deficit of 5 591 mil. Eur, in year to year comparison the deficit increased by 4 022 mil. Eur. The subsector of the local government and social security funds reported minor surplus.

The government debt increased to almost 60 % of GDP

The debt level of 2020 reached almost 55 010 mil. Eur, what represents 59,74 % of GDP. The government debt increased by 9 733 mil. Eur and topped 55 bil Eur. The total level of debt in relation to GDP increased by 11,6 of p. p. (in 2019 debt represented 48,14 % of GDP), which was related to substantial increase of volume of issued government bonds.

Part of the increase of debt in 2020 resulted from deficit (5 062 mil Eur). Another part was caused by significant increase of cash reserve in 2020.

The report was submitted by SOSR to the European Commission (Eurostat) at regular transmission date before 1 st October. In line with requirements of international obligations the Slovak Republic reports data on deficits and debt levels for the general government for the purpose of assessment of so called Maastricht criteria in the field of the budget and regularly, twice a year, reports it the EC (Eurostat) always before 1st April, and updated data before 1st October of the calendar year.

Deficit and debt levels for 2017 - 2021

in mil. Eur

  2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 (1)
Deficit -829,5 -904,9 -1 252,4 -5 061,8 -8 509,0
Deficit as % of GDP -0,98% -1,01% -1,33% -5,50% -8,77%
Debt 43 572,4 44 383,7 45 277,0 55 009,7 60 860,0
Debt as %of GDP 51,60% 49,63% 48,14% 59,74% 62,72%
GDP 84 442,9 89 430,0 94 048,0 92 079,3 97 041,5

2017, 2018 - final data; 2019, 2020 half-finalized data
(1) Plan for 2021 (including forecasted level of GDP) was compiled by the Ministry of Finance of the Slovak Republic
(2) M" - not applicable, data do not exist; "L" - data not available

In comparison to the spring 2021 report, submitted by the Slovak Republic to the European commission, SOSR implemented several updates into the system of National accounts affecting the figures on deficit and debt of the general government sector. Those changes are the methodological changes related to sector classification of units and update of source data and information on transactions of general government units. These changes did not significantly influence the deficit and debt levels reported for 2017 – 2019.

Impacts on deficit and debt

When compiling the data for 2020 the SOSR used standard data sources and information comparable to those used in previous years.

In comparison to the spring 2021 report SOSR implemented standard update of source data. The largest impact of 547,803 mil Eur was due to update of taxes and social contributions. From that amount, the largest impact of 471,509 mil. eur had update of the Corporate Income Tax. The significant difference was caused by rather conservative estimate of drop in tax revenues related to COVID pandemic for spring notification.

Another significant impact is related to update of information on COVID-19 measures. After detailed investigation of sources, SOSR recorded expenditure of 224,313 mil. eur related to so-called the first aid scheme, which was linked to the implementation of accrual principle of recoding of transactions. One part of measures was carried out by means of guarantees to financial institutions on provided loans. SOSR recoded these schemes in line with methodological recommendations for standardised schemes, which led to recording of expenditure in the amount of 24,979 mil Eur.

The presented value of deficit of general government sector contains large number of impacts related to increased expenditures (including COVID related measures of general government, of which the largest were so called the “First aid measures”), as well as decreased revenues of general government sector.

The data on deficit and debt levels for the general government are compiled on the basis of accounting statements, additional documents and information on subjects classified in the general government sector in accordance with the European system of national and regional accounts in the European Union methodology (ESA 2010), and with other methodical guidelines and recommendations of Eurostat relevant for the evaluation of deficit and debt for general government sector.

Reporting of data on deficits and debt levels for the general government is carried out in compliance with the Article 3 of the Council Regulation (EC) No. 479/2009 of 25th May 2009 on the application of the Protocol on the excessive deficit procedure annexed to the Treaty establishing the European Community and subsequent amendments.

Eurostat will publish data on deficit and levels of debt for EU member states on 21st October 2021 at 11:00 a.m.

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  • Statistical Office of the SR
  • Lamačská cesta 3/C
  • 840 05 Bratislava 45
  • Slovak Republic
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