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Unemployment in the 2nd quarter of 2021
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Unemployment in the 2nd quarter of 2021

Last update: 03.09.2021
Ilustratívny obrázok/Illustrative image
Publisher: Headquarters Bratislava
Topic: Demographic and social statistics
Domain: Labour
Publish Date: 03.09.2021

(according to the Labour Force Survey) 1)

Unemployment continued to rise in the second quarter, with the number of unem-ployed increasing by 12,5 % year-on-year.

In the second quarter of 2021, the unemployment rate rose to 6,9 %, however, the  growth dynamics was slower than at the beginning of the year. The number of people who have been out of work for 6 to 11 months has increased the most, to twice as many as a year ago.

The growth of unemployment continued in the second quarter of 2021, the number of unemployed according to the Labor Force Survey 2) was higher by 12,5 %, year-on-year and reached 188,9 thous. persons. The unemployment rate increased by 0,8 percentage point (p.p.) compared to the corresponding period last year, to 6,9 %, though it was lower than in the first quarter.

The change in EU legislation resulted in significant methodological changes in the LFS and data from 2021 are not compatible with data for previous periods, so it is not possible to compare them in a longer time series. In order to ensure selected characteristics of the change in the labor market, the basic year-on-year indices were recalculated as much as possible, in accordance with the new methodology, but not the older LFS data.

After seasonal data adjustment, the number of the unemployed dropped by 1,7 % to 191,4 thousand persons compared to the previous quarter (1st quarter of 2021).

Unemployment increased the most in the group of people who were unemployed for 6 to 11 months, their number more than doubled compared to the previous year. The pandemic also affected the growth of long-term unemployment; it dropped year-on-year in the previous quarter, though in this quarter the number of people who did not work for more than 1 year increased by 23 %, year-on- year.

The highest number of unemployed increased at the age of 55, specifically in the age group 55-59 by 40,3 % and from the age of 60 by 20,6 %. The year-on-year decrease in unemployment was only among young people under the age of 25, although it was only slight by 0,8 %.

From the sectoral perspective (economic activity) of the last employer, the most people last worked in industry, trade and in accommodation and food services. The share of unemployed without work experience increased. 23,1 % unemployed did not have a work experience with a year-on-year growth by 3,9 p. p.

The situation in the regions was very diverse, from a year-on-year decrease in the number of unemployed in Bratislavský kraj by 19,9 % ​​to a relatively highest growing number of unemployed people in Trnavský kraj by 46,7 %. Unemployment was lower only in three regions, while the number of the unemployed increased in five.

However, the highest unemployment persisted in the regions of eastern Slovakia, the share of Prešovský kraj accounted for more than a quarter (25,7%) of the total unemployment and the share of  Košický kraj by 20,5%. These two regions also recorded the highest unemployment rate in Slovakia, reaching double-digit levels, 12,3 % in Prešovský kraj and 10,4 % in Košický kraj. At the same time, the unemployment rate in Košický kraj rose most rapidly, year-on-year (by 2,5 p.p).

Unemployment in the first half of 2021

In summary, in the first half of 2021, unemployment increased by 17,6 % year-on-year, although the growth rate has slowed down since the beginning of this year. The number of the unemployed reached 189,6 thous. persons. The unemployment rate increased by 1,2 p.p. to 7%.

The total number of the unemployed, according to the economic activity of the last employer, increased more than two and a half times in arts, entertainment and recreation. The number of people without work experience increased by a third.

On the methodological change:

Due to the fundamental international methodological adjustment for the 2021 Labor Force Sample Survey data from 2021 are not compatible with data for previous periods. In order to at least partially monitor the real development of the labor market, the missing numbers of the main indicators were replaced with estimates - comparable year-on-year indices. Data for comparable quarters of 2020 have been adjusted in a way that corresponds as closely as possible to the new methodology. It is not possible to perform a complex adjustment of other older data according to the new methodological rules.

A pan-European change in the LFS methodology was implemented on the basis of Regulation (EU) 2019/1700 of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a common framework for European statistics on persons and households on the basis of individual data collected from samples (so-called IESS) and binding regulations.

According to the new methodology, inter alia, an upper limit for workers has been changed to 89 years (the lower remained at the level of 15 years), at the same time, persons on paid activation work no longer belong to the group of workers, but persons on parental leave are also newly included among workers. More detailed information can be found in note 2) and in the chapter Demography and social statistics / Labour / Metadata

1) LFS methodology is in line with the international definitions and recommendations of the ILO and Eurostat
2) Unemployed persons according to the new LFS methodology valid in the EU since 2021 (IESS) are all persons aged 15 to 74 years who meet 3 criteria at the same time: in the observed (reference) week they had no paid work, they are able to start work in 2 weeks and are actively looking for work (full definition in Commission Regulation (EU) No 2019/2240). Data per sample were calculated using new integrated weights for the population adjusted for persons in collective facilities. The indices are calculated from comparable year-on-year estimates (data for comparable quarters of 2020 have been adjusted in order to correspond as much as possible to the new methodology and to reflect the change from last year's situation)

p.p. percentage point

Source: SOSR, DATAcube.

Unemployment by the Labour Force Sample Survey (since 2021) [pr0101qs]

Unemployment by the Labour Force Sample Survey ( Years 2012 - 2020) [pr0901qs]

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