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Unemployment in the 3rd quarter of 2021
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Unemployment in the 3rd quarter of 2021

Last update: 03.12.2021
Ilustratívny obrázok/Illustrative image
Publisher: Headquarters Bratislava
Topic: Demographic and social statistics
Domain: Labour
Publish Date: 03.12.2021

Unemployment dropped to 6,8 % in the 3rd quarter

During the 3rd quarter of 2021, the growth of unemployment stopped, and the number of unemployed people decreased for the first time this year. According to the Labor Force Survey 1), the number of unemployed 2) was lower by 2,9 %, year-on-year and reached 187,8 thousand persons. The unemployment rate decreased by 0,2 percentage points (p.p.) compared to the corresponding period last year to 6,8 %. The change in EU legislation led to significant methodological changes in the LFS, which disabled to compare current data in a longer time series, for example with the pre-pandemic period.

Changes in methodology since 2021 resulted from changes in EU legislation. Data from 2021 are not compatible with data for previous periods and therefore cannot be compared in time series. In order to ensure at least the main characteristics of the labor market, the basic year-on-year indices were recalculated as much as possible to the new methodology, but not the absolute values for 2020 or older LFS data.

After seasonal adjustment, the number of the unemployed dropped by 3,8 % to 182,6 thousand persons compared to the previous quarter.

The ongoing pandemic mainly affects long-term unemployment. While in the 1st quarter it was still in a year-on-year decline, in the last two quarters the number of persons who did not work for 1 year and longer increased year-on-year. In the current quarter, long-term unemployment increased by 40,5 % to 112 thousand. persons. Unemployment also increased in the group of people who were unemployed for 6 to 11 months, but its year-on-year increase was more modest than in the previous quarter, by 9,2 %.

The number of unemployed increased year-on-year only in the age groups from 50 to 60. In thegroup from 50 to 54 years by 11 % and from 55 to 59 years by 45,4 %. Other age groups recorded a decrease in the number of unemployed, the highest year-on-year drop in unemployment was among young people under the age of 25, by 11,2 %.

From the perspective (economic activity) of the last employer, the most people recently worked in industry, trade and construction. The share of unemployed without work experience increased, with a year-on-year growth by 1,6 p.p., the share of unemployed who did not have a work experience reached 26,7 %.

From a regional perspective, the number of unemployed decreased year-on-year in five regions, increasing in three. It rose relatively the most in Košický kraj, by almost a third (by 29,1 %). In addition, the number of unemployed also increased in Trnavský and Banskobystrický kraj. The most significant relative decrease was recorded in Nitriansky kraj (by 28,8 %) and Trenčiansky kraj (by 26,5 %). The highest unemployment was still in the regions of eastern Slovakia, the share of Prešovský kraj accounted for almost a quarter (22,6 %) and the share of Košický kraj was 20,7 %. Both regions also had the highest unemployment rate, reaching double-digit levels in Prešovský kraj (10,6 %), Košický kraj (10,2 %) and Banskobystrický kraj (10,2 %). In Košický kraj, it also rose the most year-on-year (by 2,2 p.p.).

Unemployment over the 1st and 3rd quarter of 2021

In summary, over the 1st and 3rd quarter of 2021, unemployment increased by 9,9 % year-on-year, although the growth rate did not change significantly since the beginning of the year. The number of the unemployed reached 189 thous. persons. According to the economic activity of the last employer, the number of those who last worked in health and social work, information and communication and in arts, entertainment and recreation, increased the most. The number of people without work experience has risen by more than a fifth. The unemployment rate was higher by 0,7 p.p. and reached 6,9 %.

On the methodological change:

Fundamental methodological changes have been made in the Labor Force Survey since 2021, as a result of which data from 2021 are not compatible with data for previous periods and it is therefore not possible to compare them in a longer than year-on-year time series.

As there is a demand for information characterizing the real development of the labor market, we have replaced the missing numbers on the development of the main indicators with estimates of comparable indices at international level. The indices were calculated from comparable estimates, i.e. the data for 2020 have been adjusted in a way that it corresponds as closely as possible to the new methodology. It is not possible to perform a complex adjustment of last year's data, or data in previous years, according to the new methodological rules.

The result is the currently released data with absolute LFS values according to the new methodolo-gy and with year-on-year indices calculated from comparable data, which, however, do not corre-spond to the published data in 2020 and previous years.

According to the new LFS methodology, inter alia, the persons on paid activation work no longer belong to the group of workers, but persons on parental leave are also newly included among the workers. More detailed information can be found in note 2 (below) and in the chapter Demography and social statistics / Labour / Metadata.

The change in methodology at European level resulted from the new Regulation (EU) 2019/1700 of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a common framework for European statis-tics on persons and households based on individual data collected from samples (IESS) and sub-sequent implementation and delegated regulations.

1) LFS methodology is in line with the international definitions and recommendations of the ILO and Eurostat
2) Unemployed persons according to the new LFS methodology valid in the EU since 2021 (IESS) are all persons aged 15 to 74 years who meet 3 criteria at the same time: in the observed (reference) week they had no paid work, they are able to start work in 2 weeks and are actively looking for work (full definition in Commission Regulation (EU) No 2019/2240). Data per sample were calculated using new integrated weights for the population adjusted for persons in collective facilities. The indices are calculated from comparable year-on-year estimates (data for comparable quarters of 2020 have been adjusted in order to correspond as much as possible to the new methodology and to reflect the change from last year's situation)

p.p. percentage point

Source: SOSR, DATAcube.

Unemployment by the Labour Force Sample Survey (since 2021) [pr0101qs]

Unemployment by the Labour Force Sample Survey ( Years 2012 - 2020) [pr0901qs]

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