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Freight and passenger transport in January 2023
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Freight and passenger transport in January 2023

Last update: 24.03.2023
Ilustratívny obrázok/Illustrative image
Publisher: Statistical Office of the SR
Topic: Sectoral statistics
Domain: Transport and postal services
Publish Date: 24.03.2023

Passenger transport continued to grow significantly, passengers used buses, trains and public transport more

Passenger numbers and transport distances in passenger transport continued to grow year-on-year at a double-digit rate. Freight transport showed a decrease in volumes of transported goods for seven consecutive months, especially in road transport.

The total value of the volume of freight transport in January 2023 reached 16.4 million tons of goods, which represented a year-on-year decrease by 7%. The year-on-year decrease in the volume of transported goods continued for the seventh consecutive month. The main component of the industry affected the overall decline - road transport, which represented two-thirds of the transported tons of goods, it transported by 5% less year-on-year. Rail transport did not change significantly year-on-year, it recorded a year-on-year decrease by 0.5%, which was, however, the mildest decrease in the last year.

In January 2023, freight transport performance, taking into account also the transport distance, reached 3.6 billion tonne- kilometers (tkm), increasing by 1.9% year-on-year. Despite the decrease in the volume of transported goods, road transport increased performance by 5%, and rail transport also recorded a slight increase in performance.

Passenger transport was significantly affected by road transport

The significant year-on-year increase in passenger transport continued at the beginning of the year, in January 2023. The number of transported persons increased by 27.3% year-on-year and reached 54.6 million. Growth was recorded by all components of passenger transport. The number of road and public transport passengers increased by more than a quarter. Passenger transport by rail also increased (by 36.9%), which, however, makes up only 10% of passengers in passenger transport.

Performance of passenger transport, which also takes into account the length of the roads, reached in January 2023, 698 million passenger kilometers, compared to last year, they were higher by almost 50%. The high year-on-year growth was affected by longer transport distances, especially in rail transport.

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Data source in the Slovak language:

Relevant information:

In January 2023, turnover1) in the transportation were published on 14th March 2023 in IR "Turnover in selected sectors in January 2023".

In January 2023, data for employment and wages in transportation were part of IR "Employment and average monthly wage in selected sectors of economy in January 2023", which was published on 14th March 2023.


From the data for the month of April 2022 (published in June 2022), the Statistical Office of the SR modified the methodology of road freight transport, which affected the monthly data (tables) in the outputs of the informative report - Freight and passenger transport - according to the First Release Calendar. The volume of transported goods as well as performance in tonne-kilometres of road freight transport are reported for public transport companies (their main activity is transport and storage SK NACE 49 – 53) and for non-public transport companies (their main activity is other than transport, i.e. other than SK NACE 49 – 53, but they carry out freight transport as a secondary activity).

Indicators of passenger and freight transport are created from data from statistical survey Dop 1-12, which are filled in by public transport organizations with 20 or more employees exhaustively and small businesses (up to 20 employees) on a selective basis with additions to the entire population of businesses. For other enterprises (they carry out transport as a secondary activity), monthly data are estimated and quarterly refined and revised based on a summary from a weekly sample statistical survey in road freight transport.

  • 1) turnover at current prices
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  • Statistical Office of the SR
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  • 840 05 Bratislava 45
  • Slovak Republic
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While publishing of the whole information report or its parts, please state the source of information, the Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic. The Statistical Office of the SR creates high-quality statistics useful for society according to 16 principles regarding the institutional environment, statistical processes and outputs in line with the Code of Practice for European Statistics.

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