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School System and Education

School System and Education

11.06.2013 | | Number of views: 15437

Selected indicators - methodical notes effective from 1st September 2008

Definitions

Kindergartenis a pre-primary facility, which support child´s personality in socio-emotional, intellectual, physical, moral, esthetical area and develops skills and abilities, forms the preconditions for further education. It prepares children for life in society in accordance with personal and age individuality of the children. Preferential admittance is granted to children who are at least five years of age and children who have postponed compulsory school attendance. Kindergarten completes upbringing and education by means of educational program, which supplies a pre-primary education by Act No. 245/2008 (Coll.) § 16, article 2.

Primary school provides general education in accordance with the upbringing and educational principles and aims by Act No. 245/2008 (Coll). It supports the development of pupil´s individuality in conformity with the principles of patriotism, humanity and the same treatment, tolerance, democracy and patriotism, and provides moral, esthetical, occupational, medical, physical and ecological education of the pupils. Primary school supplies basic knowledge, skills and abilities in linguistic, nature-scientific, socio-scientific, artistic, sporting, medical, transportation area and the other knowledge and skills, needed for orientation in life and in the society. The primary school usually has nine years with the possibility to form a preparatory year. It divides into the first and the second level, in which individual programs followed-up to one another education programs. Primary school´s first level forms usually first until fourth year. The second level forms the fifth until ninth year.

Secondary schools are the Grammar school, Secondary specialized schools and Conservatories supplying to pupils the secondary specialized education, necessary secondary education, necessary secondary specialized education, and higher specialized education as well as prepare them for performance in occupations and operations in the field of national economy, administration, culture, arts as well as in other fields of life. Secondary schools also prepare pupils for study at Higher education institutions  Universities.

Grammar school is general educational internally differenced secondary school, which prepares the pupils in four years, five years or in eight years education program and supplies the full secondary general education byAct No. 245/2008 (Coll.) § 16 article 4, letter c). Grammar school´s educational programs are aimed primarily for study at higher education institutions. In addition, grammar school prepares students for performance of some functions in the administration, culture and in sport.

Secondary specialized school is internally differenced secondary school, which provides the pupils at least two-years programs, which are aimed mainly to performance occupation and special operations in national economy, public health and at most five-years education program of relevant education field. Secondary specialized school´s education, public administration, culture, and arts and in other fields, and are able to prepare pupils as well for further study. Secondary specialized schools providing an education for performance occupation and special operations are divided into several types. Specialized education and preparation at secondary specialized school develops the knowledge, skills and abilities of the pupil obtained in previous education and offer knowledge, skills and abilities inevitable for performance occupation and special operations.

Practical learning centre assumes the responsibility for education according to teaching plan and teaching outlines, and co-operates with secondary specialized school, which secures theoretical teaching of the pupils.

Secondary specialized school secures the pupils the theoretical and practical teaching. If the secondary specialized school secures only theoretical teaching, the pupils complete a practical teaching at the practical learning centre or at practical teaching workplace. By new Act No. 245/2008, (Coll.) associated secondary school, vocational secondary school and vocational school found by existing regulations is secondary specialized school. From this reason all data on associated secondary schools, vocational secondary schools and vocational schools are included in secondary specialized schools´ data.

Conservatory is specific kind of specialized secondary school, which provides complex artistic and art-pedagogically education. It prepares pupils to be employed in art field and for teaching the artistic and specialized subjects in education programs of art orientation and prepares their students also for study at higher education institutions. It has usually six years, in dancing specialization eight years, and leaves with leaving certificate.

Higher education institutions - Universities are supreme educational, scientific and artistic institutions. The primary objective of the universities is to provide tertiary education and creative scientific investigation or creative artistic activity. Universities are entitled to provide tertiary education and the exclusive right to confer academic titles and scientific-pedagogical titles, to utilize academic insignia and to execute academic ceremony.

The education of pupils with special pedagogical and educational requirements is provided in special schools if their handicap does not allow their education in other schools by Act No 245/2008, (Coll.) § 94, article 1, letter a), in special classrooms, which are being established usually for the children with identical kind of handicap or pupils with identical kind of handicap. Part of education process can be performed in the classroom with other children or pupils of the school, some teaching subjects or activities a child or pupil can attend outside the special classroom, as well in classrooms or instructional groups together with children or pupils, if needed, such child or pupil is educated according to individual educational program, which is elaborated by school in co-operation with the school facility of education prevention and consultancy; legal representative of the child or pupil is entitled to acquit with this program.

Primary school of arts provides artistic education according to educational program of education field predominantly for the pupils of primaryschool. Primary school of arts can provide as well to study for the children in pre-primarily age, the pupils of secondary schools, and for adults.In primary schools music, art design, dancing, and literary-dramatic fields can be established or some of them. School can establish other artistic fields only after being approved by Ministry of Education.

School club of children provides an undemanding favourite activity for the children who are attending compulsory primary school according to educational program of the school facility, aimed to preparation for teaching, and satisfaction and development their interests at times out of classes and during of school holidays.

Youth hostel provides children of kindergartens and pupils of primary and secondary schools upbringing and education activities, accommodation and dining.

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